Spraying Your Car
One of the most time-
And Remember spraying the paint is the fun easy bit, preperation & getting the vechicle ready is the tough part. And Your paint job will only be as good as the surface its sprayed on & the amount of time you have spent on it.
KILL THE RUST
The first step to a great looking paint job that will last is having a solid, rust-
The best way to ensure that rust won't return is to completely remove it from the car. This can be accomplished by removing the metal just in the rusty area and welding in patches or plates, but extreme cases may require replacing the entire panel. While doors and wings are easily replaced by bolting on the new parts, quarter panels, door skins, and floorpans are more difficult and require specialty tools such as a welder, clamps, spot weld cutter, grinder, and cut-
Whether removing the metal due to a collision or due to rust, the methods are the same. Cut out the affected area, fabricate or purchase a patch panel, fit the panel, and weld it in place. The welding process can be a trick in itself as the heat created in thin sheetmetal panels can cause distortion, leading to additional time spent straightening the welded-
Most areas of light surface rust don't require metal replacement and can be chemically treated with a liquid rust inhibitor such as body shutz or using wax oil to stabilize the rust level. Their main ingredient is phosphoric acid, which converts iron oxide (active rust) into iron phosphate, chemically stopping the oxidation process. Parts can be dipped in rust inhibitor, but the more common method is to spray liquid inhibitor on the area from a spray bottle. Depending on the severity of the rust, it can take from 2 to 12 hours for the phosphoric acid to completely convert the rust to iron phosphate, which is black in color. Remember this process is only effective on areas of surface rust that are not flaking or rusted through. Those areas should be cut out and replaced.
It's not until all the car's rust has either been removed and replaced with new metal or treated with rust inhibitor, that we can call the first step in our painting process complete. Now we have a solid foundation to build on, we can begin straightening and filling warped panels and correcting other imperfections.
GET IT STRAIGHT
We've all heard someone at a car show or rally say that their car has all new metal with no filler, that's why it's so straight. Well, we have news for you, nearly every body panel we've seen-
After the filler is applied to the panels, the key is to sand, sand, and sand. Most of the sanding can be accomplished by using power sanders, random orbital units, and air files, but the final steps are always performed by block-
There are some other tricks to block-
Functions Of Paint
Regardless, plan on spending lots of time on this step of the paint and bodywork process. The more time spent blocking, the straighter the car will appear when it comes out of the booth wearing fresh paint.
Now that we've completed the rust removal, metal work, and gotten the body straight with filler and many hours of sanding, we're ready for paint. But we can't just roll it into the booth and start shooting; first we must make sure we have the proper equipment and make some decisions about the type of paint, not to mention primer, which will be used to cover our car.
First and foremost we must understand the main function of paint is to protect the underlying metal and looking pretty is secondary. Before the paint is applied, however, the car must be primed with a quality primer and blocked once again. This step of priming is to seal the car and its bodywork from the paint above, ensuring that the paint will have a smooth, consistent surface to bond to and the different colors of filler, primer, and metal won't cause any color variations when the paint is applied.
When choosing paint, a compromise must usually be reached between the quality desired and budgetary restraints. Most modern paints do a decent job of protecting the underlying metal, but cheaper paints can be less tolerant to sun, fading quickly if the car sits outside for any length of time. Today's paints can be divided into two basic categories: single stage and base/clear. The single stage paint system, like its name, is a process in which the color is applied in one step. All of the paints ultraviolet protection, pigment, and additives are mixed in one can and applied to the car. This method works well and is still used extensively, though primarily on budget paint jobs. The latest advances in paint technology have resulted in a two-
All new cars are painted in base/clear as it offers distinct advantages, such as protecting the pigment by adding ultraviolet blockers in the clearcoat. Repairs of base/clear paint jobs can also be easier than single stage paint systems. The biggest advantage, however, of a base/clear paint job is the luster. By clearcoating over the color, the paint job looks thicker and has a shinier appearance than most single stage paints. Also, rock chips and door dings are usually less apparent in base/clear paint jobs as the colored base coat is usually left intact.
Regardless of the type of paint you choose, remember you get what you pay for. More expensive paints will last longer and retain their pigment better than cheaper counterparts. Once the choice is made, the only thing left is to apply the paint, and for that we need the proper equipment.
Before we discuss the equipment used to apply paint, we must discuss the equipment necessary for proper preparation. The car must be taped off; for that you'll need masking tape and paper. We've used newspaper for this before, but newspaper is porous and can let paints, especially clearcoats, bleed through onto the glass and trim underneath, which will require a lengthy clean-
Finally, the car is wiped down with a tack-
Now we are finally ready to mix and apply our paint. For mixing we'll need a graduated mixing cup, strainers, and stir sticks; for applying we'll need a paint gun and a sufficent compressor. Paint guns are classified as can-
No matter the manufacture, be sure to use the proper protective gear-
Painting Your Car High Volume Low Pressure Paint Gun
The actual process of painting is where experience pays off. An experienced painter knows how thick to apply the paint, and where areas prone to runs and fish eyes are and adjusts his technique appropriately. By following the instructions on the MSDS, an in experienced painter can apply a good paint job, but experience is the key to consistent success. While we have seen some great paint jobs come from garages or even outdoors, the controlled environment of a quality paint booth is always the desired place to paint. Paint booths not only control dust, but also are usually well lit, and, in extreme cases, climate controlled to ensure exact environmental conditions each time paint is applied. Once the car is painted be sure to observe appropriate cure times before waxing or washing the newly painted surface with soap. For an extremely slick finish, most shops will wet-
Remember if you are painting in a shed or a building other than a booth, to wet the floor to keep the dust down, section of areas where dust may rise from, even go as far as applying fly attractors to keep the flys off the paint. If a fly lands on your paint and he is too small to pick up withouth touching th paint. just leave him there and you will be able compound him out or light sand and then compound.
Also you can make your own booth out of timber and sheets of plastic inside your garage and you can purchase a vacum system and a filtration system to circulate and clean the air at alot lower cost than a booth. I will show you a video on you tube of a guy who done this at very low cost.
One thing more than likley among many is way you move the spray gun, everyone has their own style and have their own flicks and tricks. But just rememmber treat the car as a square box, keep the gun perpendicular to the panel and dont be following curves of the car ( As i said square box). Keep moving at a steady speed and when you get to the end of the panel, dont stop at the end of the panel spray out past it so you will cover all the panel and keep the air flowing in the gun without stopping. And then over lap your last row of spray by about half.
Time, Patience & making Mistakes is the key. If you dont make mistakes you'll learn nothing.